The valley is lying in the south eastern corner of Himachal Pradesh and borders Tibet to the east. Trekkers and lovers of untouched landscapes will find there a green paradise. After the collapse of the Maurya empire, the Kushanas and the Guptas took over. In recent history, Kinnaur was part of the princely state of Bushahr. It is believed that the Bushahr was founded at the beginning of the 15th century by Danbar Singh, a Rajput from the Deccan. Traditional kinnauri architecture in the village of Kalpa The proximity of the Tibet border has encouraged exchanges and the mixing of cultures. The influence of Buddhism is felt throughout Kinnaur, especially in architecture with pagoda roofs but also in the food, the costumes and religion; some villages and temples of Kinnaur marry Hinduism and Buddhism in one same place.
Punjabi Culture is the culture of the Punjab region. It is one of the oldest and richest cultures in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. Though it is mother tongue of the natives of Punjab in India and Pakistan, it is now spoken internationally by an estimated to million people. The language finds a place of pride in many countries including Canada where it is the fourth most spoken language.
The Punjabi Culture is the culture of the Punjabi people who are now distributed throughout the world.
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Just as feared, large clashes, arson and violence erupted in the town of Panchkula in Haryana on Friday immediately after spiritual guru Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh was convicted of raping two women followers in a case dating back to Thirty people are dead and injured, officials said, in the violence that quickly spread to other cities. Ram Rahim will be sentenced on Monday and was flown out of Panchkula in a government helicopter to a guesthouse in Rohtak and later moved to a special prison cell.
Here is your point cheatsheet on this big story: By 5 pm yesterday, the army was called in to Panchkula , on the outskirts of Chandigarh, to help regain control after the riots caused by more than 1. Before that, the police used tear gas and water cannons to try and disperse mobs of Ram Rahim supporters, but was easily outnumbered near the courthouse. After Panchkula, where the violence subsided by about 7 pm with Ram Rahim"s supporters being moved out, the army was deployed in Sirsa , Ram Rahim"s massive base.
Krishna at Goddess Radharani"s feet. The Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent brought changes to Indian society. The position of Indian women in society deteriorated during this period. The Rajputs of Rajasthan, started the practice of Jauhar after a century of Islamic invasions in the 10th century.
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Sources[ edit ] The source of the Sutlej is west of Lake Rakshastal in Tibet , as springs in an ephemeral stream channel descending from this lake. Ropar Wetland in Punjab state is located on the Sutlej river basin, evidence suggest Indus Valley Civilisation also flourished here. The area to the southeast on the Pakistani side of the Indian border is called the Cholistan Desert and, on the Indian side, the Thar Desert.
Ghaggar-Hakra River The Sutlej, along with all of the Punjab rivers, is thought to have drained east into the Ganges prior to 5 mya. However, the Sutlej may have already been captured by the Indus thousands of years earlier. The Sutlej River also exposes a doubled inverted metamorphic gradient. When completed, the SYL would enable inland shipping from India"s east coast to its west coast on the Arabian sea without having to round the southern tip of India by sea, vastly shortening shipping distances, alleviating pressures on seaports, avoiding sea hazards, creating business opportunities along the route, raising real estate values, raising tax revenue, and establishing important commercial links and providing jobs for north-central India"s large population.
However, the proposal has met with obstacles and has been referred to the Supreme Court of India.
For the histories of these latter two countries since their creation, see Pakistan and Bangladesh. Since early times the Indian subcontinent appears to have provided an attractive habitat for human occupation. Toward the south it is effectively sheltered by wide expanses of ocean, which tended to isolate it culturally in ancient times, while to the north it is protected by the massive ranges of the Himalayas , which also sheltered it from the Arctic winds and the air currents of Central Asia.
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There is a lot of foreign money in this city [Jalandhar]. The NRIs have been coming back and building huge houses and flaunting their success. Many couples are very happy. Too many times I have heard of unfortunate stories of NRI men marrying Punjabi Sikh women, who after their weddings find themselves only months later in divorce situations because all she wanted was a permanent route to America to apply for her family and sometimes also a lover.
Regardless, of the perpetrators gender, this type of marital manipulation is utterly devious and leaves many questioning the sanctity of marriage. It is not just NRI men taking advantage of Indian women. Men here in India are targeting NRI women too. When he decided he no longer needed me, he did not want anything to do with me. I was in a terrible situation and I was left on my own. He was very aggressive towards me and beat me several times.
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Horoscope is a mirror to see your Past, Present and Future. Calling your child by the right name and even choosing the most powerful spelling will greatly enhance his or her quality of life. Likewise, the wrong name can bring about struggle, strife, and a lifetime of bad luck. They gave me award and special reward certificate memento batch souvenir. My Mumbai trip was excellent. There was no time to think even no time to blink eyes.
Punjab is coronary heart state of India and Ludhiana is a most lovely metropolis in Punjab. The folks of Ludhiana are jolly and so they have a good sense of humor. Ludhiana individuals are additionally well-known for manufacturing of vegetables.
Share this article Share He told how he learned his brother was taken by Indian police after his sister law phoned him from the country. He said his brother was in India after recently getting married and was snatched from the street while out with his wife. Many of the protesters were wearing hoodies branded with Free Jaggi Now, pictured The demonstrators said the British Government have been"useless and incompetent" in response to the incident Speaking at the protest, family said other relatives in India have been forced into hiding for fear of being arrested themselves Mr Johat was also forced to leave on November 9 over fears for his own safety.
He said police had tried to seize his brother"s passport but Mr Johat was able to hand it in to British officials in India. Justice" and"FCO, do your job". Mr Singh"s brother told the crowd: They have put the British government to their knees. He was subject to third degree torture. When somebody turns around and says I have been electrocuted to my ears, my nipples and my private parts, you can only imagine what he went through.
His brother told the crowd Mr Singh had been"subjected to third-degree torture and electric shocks" Protesters, pictured, blocked the road outside the Foreign Office chanting"Free Jaggi Now""What do we want? Justice" and"FCO, do your job" The Sikh Federation helped organise the protest and said there had been a"dereliction of international law""He"s been held in an undisclosed location, it"s only now we know where he is.
His solicitors are only given an hour visitation.
It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety. Jainism came into prominence during the life of its exemplar, Mahavira. Politically, by the 3rd century BCE, the kingdom of Magadha had annexed or reduced other states to emerge as the Mauryan Empire. The Indian early medieval age, CE to CE, is defined by regional kingdoms and cultural diversity.
The Jat people (Hindi pronunciation:) (also spelled Jatt and Jaat) are a traditionally agricultural community native to the Indian subcontinent, comprising what is today Northern India and ally pastoralists in the lower Indus river-valley of Sindh, Jats migrated north into the Punjab region, Delhi, Rajputana, and the western Gangetic Plain in late medieval times.
Lying within the Indomalaya ecozone, India hosts significant biodiversity; it is home to 7. Overall, 33 percent of Indian plant species are endemic. There are the tropical rainforests of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, and the coniferous forest of the Himalayas. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated moist deciduous forest of eastern India; teak-dominated dry deciduous forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn forest of the central Deccan and western Gangetic plain.
Important Indian trees include the medicinal neem, widely used in rural herbal remedies. The pipal fig tree, shown on the seals of Mohenjo-daro , shaded the Gautama Buddha as he sought enlightenment. Many Indian species are descendants of taxa originating in Gondwana , to which India originally belonged. Peninsular India"s subsequent movement towards, and collision with, the Laurasian landmass set off a mass exchange of species.
However, volcanism and climatic changes 20 million years ago caused the extinction of many endemic Indian forms.
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Mayawati Section out, new beginning for LGBTQ dating app On September 6, all that changed when the Supreme Court ruled that consensual gay sex was not a crime, and noted that the British-era law criminalising homosexuality violated the right to equality. Sep 30, , When Koyel M came out as a queer seven years ago, she did not have to confront a homophobe in her mother. Following several conversations, her mother overcame her initial inhibitions and embraced her daughter"s sexuality.
But her mother"s acceptance wasn"t enough to keep the year-old gender-fluid queer comfortable in environments beyond the four walls of her house. Often, while on a romantic date with a woman in a public space, Koyel became the subject of uncomfortable stares and mutterings.
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The first of these, which I shall call the Immigration theory, is not really a theory of conversion at all since it views Islamization in terms of the diffusion not of belief but of peoples. Although some such process no doubt contributed to the Islamization of those areas of South Asia that are geographically contiguous with the Iranian plateau or the Arabian Sea, this argument cannot, for reasons to be discussed below, be used to explain mass Islamization in Bengal. The oldest theory of Islamization in India, which I shall call the Religion of the Sword thesis, stresses the role of military force in the diffusion of Islam in India and elsewhere.
Dating at least from the time of the Crusades, this idea received big boosts during the nineteenth century, the high tide of European imperial domination over Muslim peoples, and subsequently in the context of the worldwide Islamic reform movements of the late twentieth century. Its general tone is captured in the way many nineteenth- and twentieth-century Orientalists explained the rise of Islam in seventh-century Arabia, as illustrated in these lurid lines penned in by Sir William Muir: It was the scent of war that now turned the sullen temper of the Arab tribes into eager loyalty.
Onward and still onward, like swarms from the hive, or flights of locusts darkening the land, tribe after tribe issued forth and hastening northward, spread in great masses to the East and to the West. SirWilliam, after all, was himself a senior British official in colonial India,as well as an aggressive activist for the Christian missionary movementthere.
Yet as Peter Hardy has observed, those who argued that Indian Muslims were forcibly converted have generally failed to define either force or conversion,[ 3 ] leaving one to presume that a society can and will alter its religious identity simply because it has a sword at its neck. Precisely how this mechanism worked, either in theoretical or in practical terms, has never, however, been satisfactorily explained. Nor does the theory fit the religious geography of South Asia.
In such regions the first accurate census reports put the Muslim population at between 70 and 90 percent of the total, whereas in the heartland of Muslim rule in the upper Gangetic Plain—the domain of the Delhi Fort and the Taj Mahal, where Muslim regimes had ruled the most intensively and for the longest period of time—the Muslim population ranged from only 10 to 15 percent.
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It therefore comes as no surprise that marriages in India are marked by a lot of customs and traditions that are religiously followed to this day. The Wedding Traditions in India are an impressive manifestation of the rich cultural heritage of the country. Interestingly this country is known as much for its unity as for its diversity and this variety is implicit in the Wedding Traditions in India as well.
A series of rites and rituals are followed not only on the day of the wedding but also before and after. However these rites and rituals that are followed are not one and the same throughout the country.
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Environment[ edit ] There has been increasing incidence of various types of cancer in and around Bathinda. It is attributed to the presence of polluting industries and the indiscriminate use of modern pesticides and other toxic materials in farming. A epidemiological study found that the surface waters of Bathinda are contaminated with arsenic , cadmium , chromium , selenium and mercury primarily due to the discharge of untreated waste water from surrounding industries. Unscientific farming practices, that emerged after the introduction of Green Revolution , are also alleged to be a reason for growing incidence of not just cancer but also, high rates of spontaneous abortions, reproductive aliments, genetic deformities, anaemia , diarrhoea , vomiting, fluorosis and a host of skin ailments including rashes and boils.
Many young couples are also reported to be migrating out to save their children from adverse effects. Hence the government has completely banned the use of ground water in the city for drinking purposes. Senior Secondary School Boys is one of the oldest educational institutes and many English medium schools have also come up in the city during the last 30 years. Many missionary schools are being run in the city, such as St. Joseph"s Convent Secondary School found in and St.
Xavier"s Senior Secondary School.
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The year-old is a student at the University of Washington At the age of 12, Shree had a pacemaker implanted and was told that she would never be able to perform. She is now an inspiration for all the young souls. Shree quotes,"I believe in working together to create a hole that is greater than the sum of its parts. She wants to work towards promoting the importance of emotional well-being in the society.
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Several say, however, that the list of wanted militants has been winnowed down to"high-profile" individuals. By contrast, other Punjab experts have said in recent years that any Sikh who has been implicated in political militancy would be at risk anywhere in India. Beyond this dispute over who is actually at risk, there is little doubt that Punjab police will pursue a wanted suspect. In , this same lawyer told Canadian asylum officials that,"[a] Sikh, a Kashmiri or anyone else who has been arrested one or more times on suspicion of being involved in political militancy, even a person suspected of such an involvement—whether or not the person has ever been actually arrested—is likely to be pursued wherever he or she goes" IRB-RD 12 Jan Similarly, a professor at the University of Texas at Dallas who is an expert on India said in a telephone interview that"[i]f someone is accused of being a terrorist, police will track them" Professor of Anthropology and Political Economy 22 Apr Another human rights lawyer, who is based in the Punjab capital of Chandigarh, told Canadian officials in that Punjab police would likely pursue someone they wanted outside the state IRB-RD 12 Jan Several observers suggest, though, that while Punjab police may be serious about pursuing Sikhs anywhere in India whom they view as hard-core militants, in practice only a handful of militants are likely to be targeted for such long-arm law enforcement.
While noting that Sikhs who are on police lists for past involvement with armed groups could be at risk even if not presently active, the Indian human rights attorney said in his May e-mail to the RIC that,"[t]he number of persons who figure in such lists is really very small and I do not think the police and intelligence agencies have in the last years been adding many names" Indian human rights lawyer 4 May A South Asia expert at the U.
State Department"s Bureau of Intelligence and Research said that it is unlikely that Punjab police are currently pursuing many Sikhs for alleged militant activities given that the insurgency there was crushed in the early s U. In early , just a few years removed from the end of the Sikh insurgency, a Sikh religious official in Punjab told a Canadian diplomat that only the highest profile fugitives, numbering just a handful, would be at risk of arrest or of being pursued outside the state IRB-RD 21 Feb In , John Spellman, then a professor at the University of Windsor, told Canadian asylum officials that,"[o]nly if the person had a very high profile or the Punjab police were able to get a national police force—such as the Central Bureau of Investigation or Central Reserve Police Force involved—would they be likely to pursue someone outside the state" IRB-RD 12 Jan